By Egon Friedell
This is the second one quantity of Friedell's enormous A Cultural background of the fashionable Age. A key determine within the flowering of Viennese tradition among the 2 international wars, this 3 quantity paintings is taken into account his masterpiece. The centuries coated during this moment quantity mark the victory of the scientifi c brain: in nature-research, language-research, politics, economics, battle, even morality, poetry, and faith. All platforms of proposal produced during this century, both commence with the scientifi c outlook as their beginning or regard it as their maximum and fi nal goal.
Friedell claims 3 major streams pervade the eighteenth century: Enlightenment, Revolution, and Classicism. In traditional use, by means of "Enlightenment" we suggest an severe rationalistic tendency of which initial phases have been famous within the 17th century. Th e time period "Classicism", is definitely understood.
Under the time period "Revolution" Friedell contains all activities directed opposed to what has been dominant and conventional. Th e goals of such activities have been home improvement the country and society, banning all esthetic canons, and dethronement of cause via sentiment, all within the identify of the "Return to Nature." Th e Enlightenment tendency may be visible as laying the floor for an age of revolution. Th is moment quantity maintains Friedell's dramatic historical past of the using forces of the 20th century.
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A Cultural History of the Modern Age: Volume 2, Baroque, Rococo and Enlightenment by Egon Friedell